Ethical standards

The journal follows the standards and guidelines provided by COPE, especially regarding misconduct and fraud, and how to act in front of such a case. COPE provides a code of conduct with best practices in publishing and flowcharts that describe the publisher’s and editor’s actions, if such a case has to be resolved:。To authors with proven misconduct or fraud the actions available in the flowcharts will be applied.

1 Conditions for submission of an article

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work has not been published and is not submitted for publication anywhere else. Publication must be approved by all authors. Authors should accept publication fees. For ethics in publishing consult COPE

Plagiarism, Duplicate Submission/Publication Policy

Plagiarismis the unreferenced use of published and unpublished ideas.

The journal has adopted a rigorous examination of every submitted manuscript towards plagiarism or text recycling usingSimilarity Check。This tool allows the Editors-in-Chief to quickly identify even partial use of already published content, which cannot be re-published in this journal for various reasons, such as copyright issues, auto plagiarism, plagiarism, etc. In case of doubt, and in order to avoid any forms of plagiarism or text recycling, authors are invited to visit relevant webpages of universities across the world dealing with this topic, or probably the websites of their own institutions.

Please visit these few examples:

Duplicate publicationis publication of a paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication.

Should plagiarism or duplicate submission/publication be identified, the authors will be informed by the Editors-in-Chief. For a not yet published article, in case of conflicts, the relevant应付guidelines are applied. The detailed and updated version of the way of action of the Editors-in-Chief is available on the website of COPE.

2 Authorship

应付recommendsthat journals and publishers should have clear guidance in place to allow for transparency about who contributed to the work and in what capacity for authorship and contributorship as well as processes for managing potential disputes.

The list of criteria that must be met by all those designated as authors, is availablehere。Those contributors who do not meet all of the criteria shall be acknowledged.

3 Conflict of interest

Authors must disclose whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. They should also state that they have full control of all primary data and that they agree to allow the journal to review their data if requested.

Any additional conflict of interest, on personal or any other level must also be disclosed.

4 Peer Reviewing

The manuscripts have all identifying information removed from them by the editors prior to the beginning of the评审过程ss。Then, all manuscripts submitted to the journal are submitted to three reviewers independent from the editorial committee of the journal. The reviewers are informed of the necessity to keep the manuscript confidential before acceptance and publication, and their identity will not be disclosed to the authors. Based on the recommendations of the reviewers, the editorial board decides whether the manuscript is:

  • Accepted without modifications
  • Accepted, after modifcations (depending on a second peer reviewing)
  • Rejected

The Editors-in chief have full authority for acceptation/rejection of the submitted manuscripts.

5 Policies for publication of errata and for article retraction

Despite careful peer reviewing and article production, situations might occur where errata should be published or articles retracted. The Editors-in-chief, together with the publisher therefore follow the flowcharts established by COPE and published on their website (


Authors are invited to prepare and deposit their data according to the FAIR data principles. FAIR stands for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable. The principles are availablehere。为了总结一下,数据集应通过一组完整的元数据来找到,包括重复使用的许可证和数据标识符(DOI或其他)。访问权限打开时,可以访问数据集。可互操作意味着数据可以使用并以充分广泛分布的格式与其他数据集组合。当数据集存放使用相应的Creative Commons开放许可证时,可以实现可重新使用性并可下载。此外,重新使用意味着需要披露如何收集该数据集的参数。必须记录机器和实验条件。